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Theory and Technology of Rock Excavation for Civil Engineering

书名:Theory and Technology of Rock Excavation for Civil Engineering
ISBN:978-7-5024-7478-2
作者:邹定祥
出版时间:2017年12月
图书定价:318.00

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内容简介

本书总结了近几十年来世界各国学者和工程人员,包括作者本人在开挖领域(主要指岩石开挖,这是因为岩石开挖最具有挑战性)的各种理论和技术进展。本书虽涉及范围基本限于土木工程的范畴,但它的绝大部分内容也适用于采矿工业。由于岩石爆破是岩石开挖工程最重要的手段,因此本书对岩石爆破的理论和技术作了更为详细的阐述。 作者浏览岩石开挖领域文献时发觉,欧美国家(包括印度、日本及南非等国)的学者极少介绍中国和俄罗斯(苏联)学者们在这一领域中所做过的大量工作和各种有价值的理论。因此,本书在介绍欧美各国学者论述的同时也对至今仍被广泛应用的一些中国和俄罗斯学者们的著述作了介绍。 本书分为三个部分。 第一部分为基础内容,包括开挖工程对象(岩石和岩体的基本理论知识)、手段(钻孔爆破必备的理论知识和基本技术)、主要器材及相关设备的基础理论和原理。 第二部分为岩石的露天开挖内容,包括非爆破开挖技术,重点阐述露天爆破理论和技术、计算机数字模拟技术以及CAD技术在露天爆破中的应用。 第三部分是岩石的地下开挖内容。其中在详尽地阐述地下开挖的钻爆、通风、装运、岩体支撑加固技术和理论以及计算机技术应用之前也详尽地介绍了各种机械开挖的各种技术,包括隧道(TBM)、天井和竖井掘进机技术。 由于岩石开挖的工作环境相当复杂,地下开挖时岩体条件的复杂多变,特别是爆破开挖时要应用爆炸品,因此本书作者用了较大篇幅详尽阐述了施工中的各项安全和环保事项、各种检测技术和设备、安全生产所必须采取的安全防护措施。

 

本书目录

Contents
Part I Basics
1 Geology
1.1 Categories of Rock
1.2 Properties of Rock
1.3 Geological Structures of Rock Mass
1.4 Properties of Rock Mass and Their Effects to Rock
Excavation
1.5 Classification of Rock Sturdiness
References
2 Rock Drilling
2.1 Mechanism of Rock Breakage by Drilling and Drillability
of Rock
2.1.1 Mechanism of Rock Breakage During Drilling
2.1.2 Drillability of Rock and Its Classification
2.2 Classification of Drilling Machines
2.3 Classification on Drilling Methods
2.4 Rotary-Percussive Drilling
2.5 Rotary Drilling
2.6 Rotary-Percussive Drilling Accessories
2.7 Selection of Rock Drill and Accessories
References
3 Explosives
3.1 History of Explosives Development
3.2 Characters of Explosion of Explosives
3.3 Types of Chemical Decomposition of Explosives
and the Detonation Process
3.4 Oxygen Balance of Explosives
3.5 Thermochemistry of Explosives
3.6 Classification of Explosives
3.7 Properties of Explosives
3.8 Commercial Explosives (Industrial Explosives)
References
4 Initiation System
4.1 Detonators
4.2 Detonating Cord
4.3 Cast Boosters
References
5 Mechanisms of Rock Breakage by Blasting
5.1 Shock Wave and Stress Wave in Rock Generated
by Explosion
5.2 Mechanism of Rock Breakage by Blasting
Contents xix
5.3 Explosive’s Energy Distribution During Rock Blasting
and Livingston’s Blasting Crater Theory
5.4 Rock Classification by Blastability
References
6 Blasting Assessment Report
6.1 Desk Study
6.2 Field Investigation and Condition Survey
6.3 Analysis of the Potential Influence of Blasting Works
to the Environment
6.4 Proposals for Elimination or Controlling the Adverse
Influences
6.5 Methodology of the Excavation by Blasting
References
Part II Surface Excavation
7 Non-blasting Excavation
7.1 Manual Splitting and Hydraulic Rock Breaker
7.2 Hydraulic Rock Splitters
7.3 Non-explosive Cracking Agent.
7.4 Other Non-explosive Excavation Methods .
References.
8 Bench Blasting.
8.1 Geometrical Parameters of Bench Blasting
8.2 Specific Charge (Powder Factor) and Explosive Charging
Calculation
8.3 Charge Configuration
8.4 Firing Method and Firing Sequence
8.5 Delay Timing
References
9 Trench Blasting
9.1 Blasthole Pattern and Firing Sequence
9.2 Explosive Charging
9.3 Blasting Safety in Trench Excavation
References.
10 Contour Blasting Technique for Surface Excavation .
10.1 Types of Contour Blasting
10.2 Presplitting and Smooth Blasting
10.3 Parameters of Presplitting and Smooth Blasting
10.4 Blast Design, Charging, and Initiation for Presplitting
and Smooth Blasting.
10.5 Cushion Blasting and Line Drilling
References.
11 Blasting Safety for Surface Blasting.
11.1 General Roles of Blasting Operation
11.2 Flyrock and Its Control.
11.3 Ground Vibration and Its Control .
References.
12 Blasting Models and Computer-Aided Design
for Bench Blasting.
12.1 Introduction .
12.3 Some Typical Program of Computer-Aided Design .
References.
Part III Underground Excavation
13 Introduction
13.1 Type and Features of Underground Excavation
13.2 Relationship Between Underground Excavation
and Environment .
13.3 Methods of Underground Excavation in Rock
References
14 Mechanical Underground Excavation in Rock
14.1 Drilling and Breaking Method
14.2 Roadheader Excavation
14.3 Raise Boring
14.4 Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM)
14.5 Mechanical Excavation for Shaft Sinking
14.6 Bored Piles in Rock
References
xxiv Contents
15 Other Underground Excavation Methods
15.1 Cut-and-Cover Method
15.2 Jacked Box Tunneling and Pipe Jacking
References
16 Introduction to Underground Excavation by Drilling
and Blasting.
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Excavation Methods for Tunnels and Caverns
16.3 Excavation Methods for Shaft.
16.4 Explosive Charging
References.
17 Contour Blasting for Underground Excavation
17.1 The Characters of Contour Blasting for Underground
Excavation
17.2 Charge Calculation for Smooth Blasting
17.3 Blasthole Charging for Smooth Blasting
References.
18 Blasting Design for Underground Excavation
18.1 Blasting Design for Tunnel (Cavern)
18.2 Blasting Design for Shaft: Full Face Sinking
18.3 Firing Sequence Design for Underground Blasting
18.4 Computer-Aided Tunnel Design and Management
References
19 Loading and Transportation for Underground Excavation
19.1 Loading and Haulage in Tunnel
References
20 Ventilation for Underground Excavation
20.1 Requirement of Ventilation for Underground Excavation
20.2 Ventilation Equipment
20.3 Design of Ventilation System
20.4 Ventilation Types for Underground Excavation
20.5 Ventilation Optimization
References.
21 Ground Reinforcement and Support
21.1 Effects of the Stability of Rock Mass to Underground
Excavation
21.2 Ground Prereinforcement for Excavation
21.3 Initial Support of Newly Excavated Space
21.4 Permanent Support for Underground Excavation
21.5 New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM).
References
22 Monitoring and Instrumentation for Underground Excavation
22.1 Introduction
22.2 Settlement Monitoring
22.3 Displacement and Deformation Monitoring
22.4 Groundwater Monitoring
22.5 Ground Vibration and AOP Monitoring
22.6 Instrumentation Management
References
23 Health and Safety, and Risk Management in Underground
Excavation
23.1 Introduction .
23.2 General Requirements for Underground Excavation
23.3 Major Hazards and Risks and the Elimination Measures
23.4 Explosives Stored in Site Magazine and Site Transportation
Reference

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